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Free Substitution Rule 1950 Free Substitution Rule 1950
The Quarterbacks rules the NFL - Pro Football History

Free Substitution Rule 1950 No longer did the same players play on offense and defense In 1950 the NFL adopted the free-substitution rule that introduced the modern pro football game. Football History Because fans were packing the NFL stadiums the league teams could afford squads of 35 men. Coaches could train offensive and defensive teams. Specialists appeared. The big man who was hard to move and was fast enough to rush the passer was wanted on the defensive team’s forward wall. The fast back who could also tackle and run back intercepted passes for yardage went into the defensive secondary. On the offensive teams were the best passers, runners, blockers and pass receivers. And of course there was the man who came into the game only to kick placements or to punt.


The age of the specialist, with the accent on the forward pass, had actually begun in 1945. In that year quarterback Bob Waterfield led the Rams (then in Cleveland) to the league title. Thereafter, no team would win a title without a great quarterback at the helm. In 1946 it was Sid Luckman and the Chicago Bears; in 1947 Passin’ Paul Christman and the Chicago Cardinals; in 1948 and 1949 one-eyed Tommy Thompson of Tulsa put the Philadelphia Eagles on top. The following year it was quarterback Otto Graham and the Browns; in 1951 it was Waterfield and Norm Van Brocklin with the Los Angeles Rams. Bobby Layne and the Detroit Lions did it in 1952 and 1953; Otto Graham was on top again in 1954 and 1955. In 1956 the elderly gentleman from Mississippi, Chuckin’ Charley Conerly, led the Giants home; and Bobby Layne was the star again in 1957. Quarterback Johnny Unitas brought the Baltimore Colts out of nowhere to the top in 1958 and 1959. In 1960 it was Van Brocklin again, this time with Philadelphia. For the next two years Bart Starr shone for the Green Bay titlists; and in 1963 Billy Wade put the Chicago Bears out in front.

1965 NFL 1965 NFL
The NFL Explosion

The following from a book ‘The Story of Football’ by Robert Leckie - 1965 Edition In 1946 Elmer Layden resigned as NFL Commissioner and Bert Bell took his place. Bert Bell was the old Penn star and had brought pro football to Philadelphia. Under him, the NFL weathered its battle with the All-America Conference, and pro football began to explode. By the time of Bert Bell’s death in 1959, the twelve-team NFL was playing to more than three million paying customers every year. Under young and energetic Alvin ‘Pete’ Rozelle, who eventually succeeded Bert Bell, the annual ‘gate’ rose to more than four million fans in 1962. It keeps rising every year. In some cities in the National League it is next to impossible to buy a ticket to a home game. The only way to secure a season’s ticket is to inherit one. In 1963, the franchise of the Los Angeles Rams sold for $7,100,000. In 1941 that same franchise had been worth only $100,000. Twenty years before that, a pro franchise went for just one hundred dollars. Some experts say that the 1963 franchise, worth more than seven million dollars, may be a better risk than the one that went for a mere hundred. That is because the possibility of pay television may open up even more profitable frontiers. And it is also because television has enabled pro football to challenge pro baseball as the national pastime.

49ers Jeff Garcia... Late Bloomer getting the Last Laugh

San Francisco's Quarterback Jeff Garcia was begging for a NFL job just a few years ago. Now he has joined other late bloomers such as Kurt Warner at the top of the charts.

Date: 00-12-14 by John Mullin, Chicago Tribune Staff Writer Actual Wording of Newspaper Clipping

Bracing for Battle: 49ers host the Chicago Bears

Jeff Garcia laughs at the notion that he might be this year's Kurt 49ers Jeff Garcia... Late Bloomer getting the Last Laugh Warner, a quarterback from football obscurity who turns into one of the top passers in the NFL. A quarterback anyone could have had but whose agent barely got the courtesy of returned phone calls.

He is entitled to a laugh on the NFL. Garcia has the fourth highest passer rating through 15 weeks, and in 14 games he has thrown exactly one fewer touchdown pass (28) than the Bears' franchise record (29) for their 80-year history.

And the Bears, stumbling through another quarterback change this week, were one of the teams that didn't have any interest in him when he was trying to get from the Calgary Stampeders to the NFL. His old college coach, Ron Turner, didn't even want him.

Garcia doesn't blame the Bears, whom he will be trying to pick apart Sunday at 3Com Park. They were simply doing what the NFL too often has done: jump to wrong conclusions. Future MVP Warner couldn't find work; Doug Flutie was too short; Jim Miller was a "journeyman," and Garcia, who starred at San Jose State under Turner, couldn't interest his old coach in bringing him to Chicago when Turner was offensive coordinator.

"It's a situtation that I believe happens quite often where talent is overlooked," Garcia, 30, said. "Quite often certain stereotypes are put out there as far as what scouts would like to see from players and they forget about what actually takes place on the field. Having me come in for an individual workout and watching me and what I did in a game under the heat of battle are two different things. When it comes down to a workout, I'm not going to be the guy people look at to step in and lead your team. But if you look at what I did on the field when it mattered, I made plays. I found ways to win."

Garcia is the latest quality quarterback find of the 49ers, who found Steve Young in Tampa Bay and Joe Montana in the third round (1979). They have a system that works, a coach who works with quarterbacks and a philosophy that drafts receivers for their quarterbacks: Jerry Rice (1985) and J. J. Stokes (1995) were first-round picks, Terrell Owens (1996) a third.

Garcia did not except to be where he is now. He was pushed into the starting job when Steve Young suffered what would be a career-ending concussion in October of 1999.

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